Argumentative essays are among the most common types of academic assignments. The ability to defend a certain position is an important skill that is necessary for specialists in different spheres. That’s why no matter what major you choose, you will need to know how to write an argumentative essay.
Step 1: Choose a Good Topic
If you ignore this first important step, it will all go wrong. A good topic for an argumentative essay is at least 30% of your success. A topic should be:
- Controversial and not obvious. E.g. A bad topic: Smoking does harm to your health. A better topic: Smoking does more harm than good to your health, even though it helps to relax.
- Researchable. Bear in mind that you will need to find really good arguments to defend your position and persuade your readers to share your opinion.
- Useful. You will need to give examples to support your views, so chose a topic that won’t leave you indifferent.
Step 2: Take a Stand
Taking a firm stand is an important part of writing an argumentative essay. Remember that you won’t be able to change your opinion in the middle of your essay. Just decide on which side you are and stick to it. Express your position in a strong thesis statement and then echo this idea throughout your entire essay. Every sentence in your paper should serve this important goal – defending your main claim.
E.g. Even though recent studies have shown that smoking can help relax and boost self-confidence, the negative health effects of smoking outweigh the positive outcomes.
Step 3: Find Arguments
The next important step to a great argumentative essay is doing a research and choosing the weightiest arguments supporting your position. Make an outline for your paper – select at least three weighty arguments and write a full body paragraph to develop and explain each of these arguments.
Step 4: Make Your Argumentation Strong
One more important principle of argumentative writing is selecting really persuasive arguments. Here are types of arguments that always work well:
- Stats and figures;
- findings of studies and experiments;
- real life examples and case studies;
- quotes of influential thinkers and experts in the field.
Step 5: Watch the Logical Structure
As you finally complete all the preparation and proceed to writing, you will need to keep an eye on the logical structure of your paper.
Introduction is the opening paragraph that introduces the subject matter. It’s your chance to produce the first impression. So, include an attention hook – an anecdote, a story or some striking stats. A thesis statement mentioned in the second step is the last sentence in the introduction part, briefly summarizing the main ideas of the paper.
Main body usually consists of several body paragraphs. All body paragraphs should support the main claim formulated in the thesis statement.
Conclusion synthesizes everything that has been said in the previous sections. No new information can be included into conclusion. Don’t forget to repeat you thesis statement using different wording.
So, that was how to write an argumentative essay. Feel free to contact me in case of any questions.